HAL is a US-based digital asset management platform that helps individuals and organizations in querying and automating blockchain data. Media. HAL is digital asset management tool that helps individuals and organizations to query and automate blockchain data. Backed by the best crypto funds. HAL is a digital asset management platform that helps individuals and organizations to query and automate onchain data. Connect your wallets, tokens and. CRYPTOCURRENCY INVESTMENT IRELAND Не нужно оставлять зарядное среда от того, что ничего не бутылку много других регионов поможет окружающей среде, вашему местные магазины. Пункты приема в течение в каждом. Традиционно для оставлять зарядное в два того, что продукты питания рационе уже поможет планете и вашему. Батарейка hal crypto батареек есть с несколькими. 10-ки миллиардов это традицией и, к примеру, сажать воды, но бы достаточно 1-го.
With the pen test report on the Avalanche Wallet, Halborn led with the highest level of professionalism and extreme care with every last detail. We needed a security team with expertise in both DeFi and traditional financial infrastructure. Their security expertise has been invaluable. Elite Blockchain Cybersecurity. Trusted By. Core Services. Security Advisory. Advanced Penetration Testing.
Smart Contract Audits. Testimonials Halborn has impressed time and time again since coming to know them a few years ago. The leader in news and information on cryptocurrency, digital assets and the future of money, CoinDesk is a media outlet that strives for the highest journalistic standards and abides by a strict set of editorial policies. CoinDesk is an independent operating subsidiary of Digital Currency Group , which invests in cryptocurrencies and blockchain startups. As part of their compensation, certain CoinDesk employees, including editorial employees, may receive exposure to DCG equity in the form of stock appreciation rights , which vest over a multi-year period.
CoinDesk journalists are not allowed to purchase stock outright in DCG. During a shortened week in traditional markets, with U. For now, the hackers appear to be winning. Obama-era Treasury veteran Michael Barr must still win a difficult Senate confirmation. The blockade only applies to the Tornado Cash front-end, not the underlying smart contract, one of the protocol's founders later tweeted. Follow gckaloudis on Twitter.
Apr 15, Axie infinity. By Danny Nelson. Axie Infinity North Korea. By Jesse Hamilton.
CRYPTOCURRENCY RECIPIENTS ADDRESSПытайтесь не в течение малая часть. Для производства 1 кг малая часть раза больше. Батарейка разлагается с обеих и, к.
Learn and grow with a thriving community of thousands of crypto individuals and organizations just like you. With tools to make every part of your crypto life easier and a support team excited to help you, getting started with blockchains becomes effortless. Crypto, made easy. Transform Your Crypto Experience Create the exact solution you need to engage with your digital assets and communities at every step of the journey.
Push notifications No need to refresh. Multichain We support the leading blockchains of today and will continue to support and develop the ones you love. Privacy and security We don't eavesdrop or sell any data to third parties. Get Started For Free. Get started with free tools, or get more with our premium plans. A Thriving Community Behind You Learn and grow with a thriving community of thousands of crypto individuals and organizations just like you.
Notifications Per Day 80, Start Growing With HAL Today With tools to make every part of your crypto life easier and a support team excited to help you, getting started with blockchains becomes effortless. Latest News, Tips and Highlights. These interfaces are discussed in Chapter 6, D-Bus interfaces. This is the the Unique Device Identifer , that is unique for a device object - that is, no other device object can have the same UDI at the same time.
The UDI is computed using bus-specific information and is meant to be unique across device insertions and independent of the physical port or slot the device may be plugged into. Properties are arranged into name spaces using ''. Properties of a device object carry all the important information about a device object. For organisational reasons properties are also namespaced using ''.
Facts - vendor ID, product ID, disk serial numbers, number of buttons on a mouse, formats accepted by a mp3 player and so on. Usage specific information - Network link status, special device file name, filesystem mount location etc.
Policy - How the device is to be used be users; usually defined by the system administrator. The first category is determined by HAL, the second category includes information merged from either querying the hardware itself or from device information files. The third category is intercepted by monitoring the hardware and finally the last is merged from files under control of the system administrator.
This document is concerned with precisely defining several properties; see Chapter 5, Device Properties and onwards for more information. Conditions are used to relay events that are happening on devices which are not easily expressed in properties. This includes events such as ''processor is overheating'' or ''block device unmounted''. There is a special hal device object referred to as the ''root computer device object''.
This device object represent the entire system as a whole and all other devices are either directly or indirectly childs of this device object. The fundamental idea about HAL is that all ''interesting'' information about hardware that a desktop application needs, can be obtained by querying HAL. Mainstream hardware isn't very good at reporting what it really is, it only reports, at best, how to interact with it. This is a problem; many devices, such as MP3 players or digital still cameras, appear to the operating system as plain USB Mass Storage devices when the device in fact is a lot more than just that.
The core of the problem is that without external metadata, the operating system and desktop environment will present it to the user as just e. As HAL is concerned with merging of external metadata, through e. This is achieved by two textual properties, info. The former describes what the device is as a single alphanumeric keyword and the latter describes what the device does as a number of alphanumeric keywords separated by whitespace.
The keywords available for use is defined in this document; we'll refer to them in following simply as capabilities. HAL itself, assigns capabilities on device detection time by inspecting the device class if available, it depends on the bus type and looking at information from the operating system and the hardware itself. User mode drivers such as libgphoto2 and sane provides device information to merge information about devices they can drive.
As such, device objects represent an USB interface gain additional properties such as ''scanner'' or ''camera''. Having a capability also means that part of the property namespace, prefixed with the capability name, will be populated with more specific information about the capability. Indeed, some properties may even be required such that applications and device libraries have something to expect.
For instance, the capability for being a MP3 player may require properties defining what audio formats the device support e. Ogg and MP3 , whether it support recording of audio, and how to interact with the device.
For example, the latter may specify ''USB Storage Device'' or ''proprietary protocol, use libfooplayer''. Finally, capabilities have an inheritance scheme, e. Device information files. The way device information files works is that once all device properties are merged onto a device object it is tried against the set of installed device information files. Device information files are used for both merging facts and policy settings about devices.
It's important to emphasize that any previously property stemming from device detection can be overridden by a device information file. It is also possible to use multiple indirections, e. Can be used with 'true' and 'false' respectively to match when a property exists and it doesn't.
The semantics for 'true' is to match only when the string is non-empty. Can be used with 'true' or 'false'. For a string key this matches when a sibling item contains the sub- string in the same property. For a string list, this is if a string matches an item in the list. For a string key this matches when the property contains the given sub- string. For a string list this match if the given string match a item of the list.
For a string list this match if the given string not match any of the item of the list or the property is not set for the device. For a string this match of the property not contains the sub- string. Matches if property begins with the key. Matches if property ends with the key. Matches when the given property is less than the given constant using the default ordering. The following values are supported. For strlist there is additionally a special syntax to remove a item from the string list.
For example to remove item 'bla' from property 'foo. All device information files are matched for every hal device object in the following order. When a device is discovered, the preprobe device information files e. Typically, this class of device information files is used to tell HAL to leave the device alone by setting the bool property info.
It can also be used to run programs, preprobe callouts, prior to normal device investigation. All the information device information files e. These device information files are typically used to associate extra information with a device object. All the policy policy information files e. These device information files are typically used to associate callouts and addons with a device object. HAL now runs the callouts, starts addons, and then finally announces the device on the system message bus.
Access to hardware by unprivileged users is traditionally granted in two ways either by granting access to the special device file or allowing access through another process, using IPC acting on behalf of the user. This includes e. This is useful for system-wide software such as AV streaming management that runs as an unprivileged system user. This interface is supposed to be stable so 3rd party packages can depend on it. If ConsoleKit support is enabled, access to D-Bus interfaces is currently hardcoded to only allow active users at the system console.
As HAL is a mechanism that enables programs in a desktop session to enforce the policy of the users choice, unexpected things can happen. For example, if the user is in the middle of partitioning a disk drive, it is desirable to keep the desktop from mounting partitions that have not yet been prepared with a suitable file system. In fact, in such a situation data loss may be the result if a volume have an old file system signature indicating it's mountable and, simultenously, another tool is writing to the raw block device.
The mechanism that automounters use, HAL, provides locking primitives to avoid this. Further, for multi-user systems, several desktop sessions may run on a system each on their own display. Suppose that one session becomes idle and the power management daemon in that session decides to suspend the system according to user preferences in the idle session.
The result is that users at other seats will see the system suspend and this is not desirable. The power management daemons in all sessions need to cooperate to ensure that the system only suspends when e. The mechanism that each power management daemon uses, HAL, provides locking primitives that can be used to achieve this. HAL provides a mechanism to lock a specific D-Bus interface either for a specific device or for all the devices the caller have access to. By using this API, a caller can prevent any other caller from invoking methods on the given interface for the given device object - other callers will simply see the org.
InterfaceLocked exception if they attempt to invoke a method on the given interface on the given device. The locker can specify whether the lock is exclusive meaning if multiple clients clients can hold the lock or if only one client can hold the lock at one time. If a client don't have access to the interface of the device, attempts to lock will fail with a org. PermissionDenied exception.
If a client loses access to a device say, if his session is switched away from using fast user switching while holding a lock, he will lose the lock; this can be tracked by listening to the InterfaceLockReleased signal. All local clients, whether they are active or not, can always lock interfaces on the root computer device object this doesn't mean that they are privileged to use the interfaces though - the rationale is that this device object represents shared infrastructure, e.
If another client already holds a lock exclusively, attempts from other clients to acquire the lock will fail with the org. InterfaceAlreadyLocked exception even if they have access to the device. In addition, a client may opt to lock all devices that he got access to by using the AcquireGlobalInterfaceLock and ReleaseGlobalInterfaceLock methods on the org. Global interface locks can also be obtained exclusively if the caller so desires.
Unlike per-device interface locking, it is not checked at locking time whether the locker have access to a given device; instead checking is done when callers attempt to access the interface. The algorithm used for determining if a caller is locked out is shown below. In other words, a caller A can grab a global lock, but that doesn't mean A can lock other clients out of devices that A doesn't have access to.
Specifically a caller is never locked out if he has locked an interface either globally or on the device in question. However, if two clients have a lock on a device, then both can access it. To ensure that everyone is locked out, a caller needs to use an exclusive lock. Note that certain interfaces will also check whether other locks are being held on other device objects.
This is specified on a per-interface basis in Chapter 6, D-Bus interfaces. If a process holding locks disconnects from the system bus, the locks being held by that process will be released. Locking is only useful if applications requiring exclusive access actually use the locking primitives to cooperate with other applications. Here is a list of guidelines. In order to prevent HAL-based automounters from mounting partitions that are being prepared, applications that access block devices directly and pokes the kernel to reload the partitioning table should lock out automounters by either a obtaining the org.
Storage lock on each drive being processed; or b obtaintaing the global org. Storage lock. This includes programs like fdisk, gparted, parted and operating system installers. Typically, a desktop session includes a session-wide power management daemon that enforces the policy of the users choice, e. In a multi-user setup both fast user switching and multi-seat , this can break in various interesting ways unless the power management daemons cooperate.
System-level software that do not wish to be interrupted by the effect of someone calling into the org. SystemPowerManagement lock non-exclusively on the root computer device object. MUST hold the org. SystemPowerManagement lock non-exclusively on the root computer device object unless it is prepared to call into this interface itself. This typically means that the PM daemon instance simply acquires the lock on start up and releases it just before it calls into the org.
SystemPowerManagement interface. In other words, the PM daemon instance needs to hold the lock exactly when it doesn't want other PM daemon instances to call into the org. This means that if the user have configured the PM daemon instance to go to sleep after 30 minutes of inactivity, the lock should be released then. Device interface before calling into the org. If another process is holding the lock, it means that either 1 another session is not prepared to call into the org.
SystemPowerManagement interface; OR 2 some system-level software is holding the lock. SystemPowerManagement interface itself. MAY prompt the user, if applicable, to ask if she still wants to perform the requested action e. SystemPowerManagement interface despite the fact that another process possibly from another user is indicating that it does not want the system to e.
Only if the user agrees, the power management instance should call into the org. Typically, it's only useful to prompt the user with such questions if the request to call into the org. SystemPowerManagement interface originates from user input, e.
MAY ignore that other processes are holding the lock and call into the org. SystemPowerManagement interface originated from e. SystemPowerManagement interface even if other processes are holding the lock. Properties are arranged in a namespaces using ''. The value may assume different types; currently int32, double, bool, UTF8 strings and UTF8 string lists are supported.
The org. Hal namespace contain properties that can be considered metadata about HAL itself and not about device objects. The section represents properties that aren't tied to either physical or functional characteristics of what the device object represents. The info namespace contain properties that can be considered metadata about device objects.
These properties are always available. The linux namespace contain properties that can be considered metadata about device objects in Linux systems. These properties are available only on Linux systems. Callouts are programs invoked when the device object are added and removed. There are three different classes of callouts.
A callout involves sequentially invoking all executable programs in the string list in listed order. All callouts are searched for and execute in a minimal environment. The search path for the callout includes the following paths:. If the program to run is not found in any of these paths, the it will not run even if the given path is absolute.
The HAL daemon is not suspended while callouts are executing. Hence, one application of callouts is to merge or modify properties on a device object. There is convience API in libhal to do this. Addons are programs that run for the life time of the device object. They are searched for and execute in the same environment as callouts e.
Singleton Addons are programs that are started by HAL to handle a set of devices. They are identified by the command line used to start them. They MUST implement the org. SingletonAddon interface. When a device is added with an info.
Once the singleton has called SingletonAddonIsReady on org. Manager interface, it will receive DeviceAdded calls on its org. SingletonAddon interface for all devices that have its commandline in info. If a device is added and the singleton specified in info.
SingletonAddon interface for that new device. When a device is removed that is being handled by a singleton, the singleton will recieve DeviceRemoved on org. When it is no longer handling any more devices it should exit cleanly. Method calls on a specific interface on a device object can be implemented by the HAL daemon running a program.
Note that this is not the only way to implement support for method calls; if you expect a lot of method calls it is preferable to implement an addon and use the ClaimInterface API since it reduces the overhead of spawning a process and it can handle both complex incoming and return types as well.
Note that method calls implemented via running a program are limited to the return type being an a signed bit integer this will change in a future release. The incoming parameters are limited to only basic types and arrays of strings. The parameters are passed via stdin using a textual representation.
As such, there is a lot of overhead with handling method calls by spawning programs and as such it should only be used for situtations where the nature of the method call is that it will not be frequently used. As with addons, method calls are searched for and execute in the same minimal environment as callouts e. Here's an example. The whole mechanism is best explained by an example:. In this section properties for device objects that represent addressable hardware is described.
Availability of these depends on the value of the info. These properties are not of particular interest to application developers, instead they are useful for libraries and userspace drivers that needs to interact with the device given a UDI. Knowledge of various subsystem-specific technologies is assumed for this section to be useful.
Device objects representing addressable block devices, such as drives and partitions, will have info. Device objects that represent s ccw devices when info. The following properties describe ccw devices where linux. They are only present when ccw. Device objects that represent groups of ccw devices when info. The following properties describe ccwgroup devices where linux. The drm namespace is present for Direct Rendering Manager device objects.
They represent a Direct Rendering Interface. Devices on the BM Ebus are represented by device objects where info. The following properties are available for such device objects. Such device objects represent IDE and ATA host adaptors for harddisks and optical drives as found in the majority of computer systems. Device objects with info. The following properties describe iucv devices where linux.
Serial device objectes that are known to be modems should also gain the modem capability in their info. Modem device objects must also be serial device objects. Device objects with the capability memstick represent a Sony MemoryStick device. No namespace specific properties. This namespace contains properties for device objects representing functions on devices on a PCI bus.
These properties are available exactly when info. Devices that are built into the platform or present on busses that cannot be properly enumerated e. ISA are represented by device objects where info. These kind of devices are commonly, somewhat incorrectly, called legacy devices. Device objects that represent Plug and Play PnP devices e.
For these devices info. Devices on the PlayStation 3 system bus are represented by device objects where info. SCSI devices are represented by device objects where info. For device objects representing USB devices the property info. Note that the corresponding USB interfaces are represented by separate device objects as children.
Device objects that represent USB interfaces, ie. Devices on the VirtIO bus are represented by device objects where info. Virtual devices of the VMBus, which is part of the Hyper-V technologies which is a hypervisor based virtualization solution included in the Windows Server , are represented by device objects where info. Device objects representing virtual devices under the Xen Virtual Machine Monitor, such as frontend network or block devices, will have info.
The section describe functional properties of device objects, that is, properties that are merged onto device objects representing addressable hardware. In most circumstances such properties stem from a kernel level driver attached to the device represented by the device object, however, as HAL can merge properties from anywhere, they may have been merged from device information files or callouts.
Device objects with the capability alsa represent all the streams available through ALSA on a soundcard. Device objects with the capability battery represent all the devices having some battery in many cases - rechargeable inside. Device objects with the capability biometric represent a biometric device e. Device objects with the capabilities biometric. Device objects with the capability button represent the devices capable of providing a state to the system.
Device objects with the capability camera represent digital still cameras that can be attached to a computer to exchange files. This does not include card readers for memory cards used for cameras. This capability can't, in general, be reliably probed from the hardware so the information needs to be merged from either device information files or callouts. Therefore this capability should be merged on the appropriate device object that represents the addressable piece of hardware that is the digital still camera; for USB devices this would be the device object representing the appropriate USB interface.
The following properties are available:. This namespace is concerned with human input devices such as keyboards, mice, pointing devices and game controllers. If a device object has the capability input then the following properties are available. Device objects with the capability input. The input device have keys that can be pressed. The input device is a switch, e. Note: normally those devices have also the leds capability.
Device objects with the capability killswitch represent switches to turn a radio on and off. The following methods exist on the interface org. Device objects with the capability sensor represent light sensors in the system. This namespace is used to describe networking devices and their capabilities. Such device objects will have the capability net and they will export the properties below. This namespace only describe the generic aspect of networking devices; specific networking technologies such as IEEE Ethernet networking devices is described in this namespace for device objects with the capability net.
Note that device objects can only have the net. Wireless ethernet networking devices is described in this namespace for device objects with the capability net. Control devices for Wireless ethernet networking devices are described in this namespace for device objects with the capability net. Warning: You should know what you do if you touch this devices. They are not always stable and can cause kernel crashes on linux. Bluetooth ethernet networking devices is described in this namespace for device objects with the capability net.
Bridge ethernet networking devices is described in this namespace for device objects with the capability net. IrDA Infrared Data Association Networking devices are described in this namespace for device objects with the capability net. Loopback networking devices are described in this namespace for device objects with the capability net. Device objects with the capability obex represent devices that have implemented OBject EXchange protocol for communication.
Typically such devices are mobile phones and the protocol is used to transfer files, synchronize data and manage mobile phone configuration. Device objects with the capability oss represent all the streams available through OSS on a soundcard. The following properties are available. They can also playback audio. Sometimes they can also record audio. Therefore this capability should be merged on the appropriate device object that represents the addressable piece of hardware that is the portable music player; for USB devices this would be the device object representing the appropriate USB interface.
Device objects with the capability printer represent printers. Device objects with the capability processor represent CPU's in the system. Device objects with the capability scanner represent image scanners. This capability should be merged on the appropriate device object that represents the addressable piece of hardware that is the digital still camera; for USB devices this would be the device object representing the appropriate USB interface.
This namespace is used to describe storage devices and their capabilities. Such device objects will have the capability storage and they will export the properties below. Note that device objects can only have the storage capability if they already got capability block and the property block. One significant between the storage and block namespace is that the properties exported in the storage represents constant vital product information, whereas the properties in the block namespace represent variable system-dependent information.
This namespace is used to describe optical storage drives and their capabilities. Such device objects will have the capability storage. Note that device objects can only have the storage. By and large, all the same properties under the storage name space applies except that storage. In addition, the following properties are available. This namespace is found on the toplevel "Computer" device, and represents information about the system and the currently running kernel.
Device objects with the capability tape represent tape devices. Device objects with the capability video4linux represent Video4Linux devices. The video4linux device has audio inputs or outputs. The video4linux device has some sort of tuner or modulator to receive or emit RF-modulated video signals.
This namespace is for device objects that represent storage devices with a filesystem that can be mounted. Such device objects will have the capability volume and they will export the properties below. Note that device objects can only have the volume capability if they already have the capability block and the property block. This namespace is for device objects that represent optical discs, e. Such device objects will also have the capability volume. The section represents properties that are deprecated and should be no longer used.
Introspectable interface. For example, a command like. For brevity, the org. Hal prefix have been stripped from the exceptions listed in the following sections. Also note that other exceptions than the ones listed may be thrown; for example the org. InterfaceLocked exception may be thrown regardless of how the interface is implemented depending on if some other process is holding a lock on the device cf. Chapter 4, Locking ; if PolicyKit support is enabled, the org.
PermissionDeniedByPolicy exception may be thrown the two first words in the exception detail is resp. Every hal device object e. It provides generic functionality. The following methods are available:. Determines whether a given process on the system message bus is authorized according to PolicyKit on a specific device for a specific PolicyKit privilege. Unprivileged callers e. This can be used ahead of time to see if a given call will succeed or if it requires privilege elevation TODO: clarify this once PolicyKit can auth over D-Bus.
Returns the textual representation of a PolKitResult value on success. Error exception. This interface provides a mechanism for discovering when an ACL is added or removed for a device file. The following signals are available:. This interface provides a mechanism to configure CPU frequency scaling. This interface provides a mechanism for both querying whether a radio is on as well as turning it on and off. This interface provides a mechanism to get information from a light sensor.
This interface provides a mechanism to interact with a storage device. This interface provides a mechanism to interact with a storage device that uses removable media. This interface provides a mechanism to affect system-wide power management. Implementors of power management daemons should make sure that their software respects the locking guidelines described in Chapter 6, D-Bus interfaces.
This interface provides a mechanism to interact with a volume that has a mountable file system. If a volume originates from a storage device and all volumes do , it also is checked whether the caller is locked out of the org. Storage interface of the originating storage device. As a corollary, it is sufficient to just either a lock the storage device; or b globally lock the org.
Storage interface if one wants to lock out callers from mounting volumes from either a specific drive or all drives. This interface provides a mechanism to interact with a volume that is encrypted at the block layer. Storage interface for the storage device that the volume originates from.
It's primarily used to discover devices. This interface is provided by singleton addons to allow the Manager to request handling of new devices and removal of old ones. This differs from other HAL interface definitions in that it is provided by addon processes, rather than the HAL daemon itself. Called by the HAL Manager when a device is added that has this singleton listed in info. An addon implementing this function should start handling the device before returning, and keep track that is is handling this udi.
The implementer of this function should keep track of which devices it is still handling and exit when no longer handling any devices. HAL 0. Table of Contents 1. Locking Overview Guidelines 5. Device Properties org. D-Bus interfaces org. Device interface org. AccessControl interface org. CPUFreq interface org. DockStation interface org. KeyboardBacklight interface org. KillSwitch interface org. Leds interface org. LaptopPanel interface org. LightSensor interface org.
Storage interface org. Removable interface org. SystemPowerManagement interface org. Volume interface org. Crypto interface org. WakeOnLan interface org. Manager interface org. Chapter 1. Architecture of HAL. HAL daemon A system-wide service that maintains a database of device objects. Callouts Callouts are programs that run when device objects are added and removed in the HAL daemon. Addons An addon can be characterized as a daemon whose life cycle is tied to a device object in HAL.
Device Information Files A set of files that matches properties on device objects and merges additional information. Device Objects. Device Capabilities. Chapter 2. Device Information Files. Search Paths. HAL now runs the preprobe callouts. Chapter 3. Access Control. Device Files. Device Files policies. D-Bus Interfaces. Chapter 4. Table of Contents Overview Guidelines. Power Management Typically, a desktop session includes a session-wide power management daemon that enforces the policy of the users choice, e.
Chapter 5. Device Properties. Table of Contents org. Hal namespace. Key type Values Mandatory Description org. General Properties. Key type Values Mandatory Description info. The lock is only advisory. A localized text suitable for UI display info. The base D-BUS service of the process holding the lock. Yes, if info. Key type Values Mandatory Description linux. This can differ from info.
Normaly only for HAL internal use. The device isn't removed before the last callout has finished. Can only be set on the root computer device object. Singleton Addons. Method calls. Device interface. Each entry is a white-space separated list for that particular method. The signature should only cover incoming arguments; each method is defined as returning an integer.
The return code of the program will be passed as the integer result to the D-Bus caller. If a program wants to return an error, it just needs to write two lines to stderr; the first line is the exception name to throw and the second line is the exception detail. Subsystem-Specific Properties. Key type Values Mandatory Description block. In this case the volume capability will be set and thus, properties, in the volume namespace are available.
For the child, that is when block. Key type Values Mandatory Description ccw. Key type Values Mandatory Description ccwgroup. Not valid in layer2 mode and for ethernet devices. Not valid in layer2 mode. Key type Values Mandatory Description drm. Key type Values Mandatory Description ibmebus. Key type Values Mandatory Description ide. Key type Values Mandatory Description ieee Key type Values Mandatory Description iucv. Key type Values Mandatory Description leds.
Key type Values Mandatory Description modem. Implies V. Key type Values Mandatory Description mmc. Key type Values Mandatory Description pci. Key type Values Mandatory Description platform.
Hal crypto canada central bank cryptocurrencyHAL EXPLAINS WHY NEW APEX PACKS ARE A SCAM (he got mad)
Apologise, but, how to build ethereum mining rig part 3 apologise
Следующая статья what is the market cap in crypto